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They were regarded by many as elite troops and often held in reserve during battles in case of emergencies.
This force was quite small compared to the massive state-raised volunteer forces that comprised the bulk of the Union Army.
Of the 2,213,363 men who served in the Union Army during the Civil War, 364,511 died in combat, or from injuries sustained in combat, disease, or other causes, and 281,881 were wounded.
Those named for states usually referred to Southern states that had been occupied.Of the 2.5 million men who served in the Union Army, approximately 9.1% were recent Irish-born immigrants with many more first- and second-generation Irish Americans also serving. When the American Civil War began in April 1861, there were only 16,000 men in the U. Army, and of these many Southern officers resigned and joined the Confederate States Army. With the secession of the Southern states, and with this drastic shortage of men in the army, President Abraham Lincoln called on the states to raise a force of 75,000 men for three months to put down the "insurrection".Lincoln's call forced the border states to choose sides, and four seceded, making the Confederacy eleven states strong.The Signal Corps was created and deployed for the first time, through the leadership of Albert J. Below major units like armies, soldiers were organized mainly into regiments, the main fighting unit with which a soldier would march and be deployed with. Regiments were almost always raised within a single state, and were generally referred by number and state, e.g. The regiment was the main form of permanent grouping. Scott was an elderly veteran of the War of 1812 and the Mexican-American War and could not perform his duties effectively. Although he was popular among the soldiers, Mc Clellan was relieved from his position as general-in-chief because of his overly cautious strategy and his contentious relationship with his commander in chief, President Lincoln. Halleck, had a successful record in the Western Theater, but was more of an administrator than a strategic planner and commander. Grant supervised the Army of the Potomac (which was formally led by his subordinate, Maj. Grant laid siege to Lee's army at Petersburg, Virginia, and eventually captured Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy.Brigades were usually formed once regiments reached the battlefield, according to where the regiment might be deployed, and alongside which other regiments. (He remained commander of the Army of the Potomac through the Peninsula Campaign and the Battle of Antietam.) His replacement, Maj. He developed the strategy of coordinated simultaneous thrusts against wide portions of the Confederacy, most importantly the Georgia and Carolinas Campaigns of William Tecumseh Sherman and the Shenandoah Valley campaign of Philip Sheridan.